Fast passive subdomain enumeration tool.

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subfinder is a subdomain discovery tool that returns valid subdomains for websites, using passive online sources. It has a simple, modular architecture and is optimized for speed. subfinder is built for doing one thing only - passive subdomain enumeration, and it does that very well.

We have made it to comply with all the used passive source licenses and usage restrictions. The passive model guarantees speed and stealthiness that can be leveraged by both penetration testers and bug bounty hunters alike.



  • Fast and powerful resolution and wildcard elimination modules
  • Curated passive sources to maximize results
  • Multiple output formats supported (JSON, file, stdout)
  • Optimized for speed and lightweight on resources
  • STDIN/OUT support enables easy integration into workflows


subfinder -h

This will display help for the tool. Here are all the switches it supports.

  ./subfinder [flags]

  -d, -domain string[]  domains to find subdomains for
  -dL, -list string     file containing list of domains for subdomain discovery

  -s, -sources string[]           specific sources to use for discovery (-s crtsh,github). Use -ls to display all available sources.
  -recursive                      use only sources that can handle subdomains recursively (e.g. subdomain.domain.tld vs domain.tld)
  -all                            use all sources for enumeration (slow)
  -es, -exclude-sources string[]  sources to exclude from enumeration (-es alienvault,zoomeyeapi)

  -m, -match string[]   subdomain or list of subdomain to match (file or comma separated)
  -f, -filter string[]   subdomain or list of subdomain to filter (file or comma separated)

  -rl, -rate-limit int  maximum number of http requests to send per second
  -rls value            maximum number of http requests to send per second four providers in key=value format (-rls "hackertarget=10/s,shodan=15/s")
  -t int                number of concurrent goroutines for resolving (-active only) (default 10)

   -up, -update                 update subfinder to latest version
   -duc, -disable-update-check  disable automatic subfinder update check

  -o, -output string       file to write output to
  -oJ, -json               write output in JSONL(ines) format
  -oD, -output-dir string  directory to write output (-dL only)
  -cs, -collect-sources    include all sources in the output (-json only)
  -oI, -ip                 include host IP in output (-active only)

  -config string                flag config file (default "$CONFIG/subfinder/config.yaml")
  -pc, -provider-config string  provider config file (default "$CONFIG/subfinder/provider-config.yaml")
  -r string[]                   comma separated list of resolvers to use
  -rL, -rlist string            file containing list of resolvers to use
  -nW, -active                  display active subdomains only
  -proxy string                 http proxy to use with subfinder
  -ei, -exclude-ip              exclude IPs from the list of domains

  -silent             show only subdomains in output
  -version            show version of subfinder
  -v                  show verbose output
  -nc, -no-color      disable color in output
  -ls, -list-sources  list all available sources

  -timeout int   seconds to wait before timing out (default 30)
  -max-time int  minutes to wait for enumeration results (default 10)


subfinder requires go1.21 to install successfully. Run the following command to install the latest version:

go install -v

Learn about more ways to install subfinder here:

Post Installation Instructions

subfinder can be used right after the installation, however many sources required API keys to work. Learn more here:

Running Subfinder

Learn about how to run Subfinder here:

Subfinder Go library

Subfinder can also be used as library and a minimal examples of using subfinder SDK is available here



subfinder is made with 🖤 by the projectdiscovery team. Community contributions have made the project what it is. See the file for more details.

Read the usage disclaimer at and contact us for any API removal.